Joubert syndrome (JS) is an inherited ciliopathy characterized by a complex midbrain-hindbrain malformation and multiorgan involvement. Renal disease, mainly juvenile nephronophthisis (NPH), was reported in 25-30% patients although only ∼18% had a confirmed diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). NPH often remains asymptomatic for many years, resulting in delayed diagnosis. The aim of the study was to identify a biomarker able to quantify the risk of progressive CKD in young children with JS.
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