Subjective perceptions and attitudes are usually measured by administeringquestionnaires with ordered response scales. Among them, a particular case are semantic differential scales, where the respondent has to declare his/her position between two bipolar adjectives. To model ordinal variables measured on semantic differential scales, a novel model is introduced as an extension in the framework of the CUB (Combination of discrete Uniform and shifted Binomial random variables) class of models. The proposed model addresses the analysis of ordinal variables measured on semantic differential scales. However, it is definitely well suited to all the rating scales that have a middle option that means indifference between two extremes. This is a circumstance that occurs in the main part of the most commonly used Likert scales. The proposal is based on a mixture of a discrete Uniform and a - linearly transformed - Multinomial random variable, so it is called CUM. Parameter estimation is carried out using the expectation-maximization algorithm, and the parameters can be represented in a triangular space with a ternary plot. A simulation study is carried out and, finally, applications on real data are examined in order to show limits and potentialities of the proposal.

A mixture model for ordinal variables measured on semantic differential scales

Manisera, Marica;Zuccolotto, Paola
2022-01-01

Abstract

Subjective perceptions and attitudes are usually measured by administeringquestionnaires with ordered response scales. Among them, a particular case are semantic differential scales, where the respondent has to declare his/her position between two bipolar adjectives. To model ordinal variables measured on semantic differential scales, a novel model is introduced as an extension in the framework of the CUB (Combination of discrete Uniform and shifted Binomial random variables) class of models. The proposed model addresses the analysis of ordinal variables measured on semantic differential scales. However, it is definitely well suited to all the rating scales that have a middle option that means indifference between two extremes. This is a circumstance that occurs in the main part of the most commonly used Likert scales. The proposal is based on a mixture of a discrete Uniform and a - linearly transformed - Multinomial random variable, so it is called CUM. Parameter estimation is carried out using the expectation-maximization algorithm, and the parameters can be represented in a triangular space with a ternary plot. A simulation study is carried out and, finally, applications on real data are examined in order to show limits and potentialities of the proposal.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/554735
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