The presence of Alpha1-Antitrypsin (AAT) polymers, known to promote a sustained pro-inflammatory activity, has been previously demonstrated in bronchial biopsies of subjects with Z-AAT deficiency (AATD) suggesting a possible role in the development of COPD through a small airway disease impairment. The study aimed to assess the presence of small airways dysfunction and the potential correlation with the presence of Z-AAT polymers obtained by Exhaled Breath Condensate (EBC) collection in PiZZ subjects, as compared with matched healthy PiMM subjects. We enrolled 19 asymptomatic, never smoker subjects: 9 PiZZ and 10 PiMM as controls, without obstructive ventilatory defect (i.e., normal FEV1/VC% ratio). All subjects underwent complete pulmonary function tests (PFT). EBC was collected in all subjects. ELISA test was applied to search for Z-AAT polymers. The PiZZ subjects showed normal lung volumes and DLCO values. However, in comparison with PiMM subjects, the single breath test N2 wash-out revealed significant differences regarding the phase III slope (1.45±0.35 N2/L vs. 0.96±0.40 N2/L) (p<0.02) in the PiZZ subjects, while the closing volume/vital capacity ratio (14.3±4.5 % vs. 11.3±6.3 %) was not significantly increased. The ELISA test detected the presence of Z-AAT polymers in 44% of PiZZ patients. Asymptomatic, never smoker PiZZ subjects with normal spirometry and lung diffusion capacity showed airways impairment when compared to PiMM subjects. Although Z-AAT polymers were found only in 44% of PiZZ subjects, these findings suggest the possibility that chronic bronchiolitis can develop as a result of the long-term pro-inflammatory activity of Z-AAT polymers in subjects with Z-related AATD.

Z-alpha1-antitrypsin polymers and small airways disease: a new paradigm in alfa-1 anti-trypsin deficiency-related COPD development?

Pini, Laura
;
Tiberio, Laura;Arici, Marianna;Corda, Luciano;Giordani, Jordan;Tantucci, Claudio
2021

Abstract

The presence of Alpha1-Antitrypsin (AAT) polymers, known to promote a sustained pro-inflammatory activity, has been previously demonstrated in bronchial biopsies of subjects with Z-AAT deficiency (AATD) suggesting a possible role in the development of COPD through a small airway disease impairment. The study aimed to assess the presence of small airways dysfunction and the potential correlation with the presence of Z-AAT polymers obtained by Exhaled Breath Condensate (EBC) collection in PiZZ subjects, as compared with matched healthy PiMM subjects. We enrolled 19 asymptomatic, never smoker subjects: 9 PiZZ and 10 PiMM as controls, without obstructive ventilatory defect (i.e., normal FEV1/VC% ratio). All subjects underwent complete pulmonary function tests (PFT). EBC was collected in all subjects. ELISA test was applied to search for Z-AAT polymers. The PiZZ subjects showed normal lung volumes and DLCO values. However, in comparison with PiMM subjects, the single breath test N2 wash-out revealed significant differences regarding the phase III slope (1.45±0.35 N2/L vs. 0.96±0.40 N2/L) (p<0.02) in the PiZZ subjects, while the closing volume/vital capacity ratio (14.3±4.5 % vs. 11.3±6.3 %) was not significantly increased. The ELISA test detected the presence of Z-AAT polymers in 44% of PiZZ patients. Asymptomatic, never smoker PiZZ subjects with normal spirometry and lung diffusion capacity showed airways impairment when compared to PiMM subjects. Although Z-AAT polymers were found only in 44% of PiZZ subjects, these findings suggest the possibility that chronic bronchiolitis can develop as a result of the long-term pro-inflammatory activity of Z-AAT polymers in subjects with Z-related AATD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/546955
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