BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The clivus was defined as "no man's land" in the early 1990s, but since then, multiple approaches have been described to access it. This study is aimed at quantitatively comparing endoscopic transnasal and microsurgical transcranial approaches to the clivus in a preclinical setting, using a recently developed research method. METHODS: Multiple approaches were performed in 5 head and neck specimens that underwent high-resolution computed tomography (CT): endoscopic transnasal (transclival, with hypophysiopexy and with far-medial extension), microsurgical anterolateral (supraorbital, mini-pterional, pterional, pterional transzygomatic, fronto-temporal-orbito-zygomatic), lateral (subtemporal and subtemporal transzygomatic), and posterolateral (retrosigmoid, far-lateral, retrolabyrinthine, translabyrinthine, and transcochlear). An optic neuronavigation system and dedicated software were used to quantify the working volume of each approach and calculate the exposure of different clival regions. Mixed linear models with random intersections were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Endoscopic transnasal approaches showed higher working volume and larger exposure compared with microsurgical transcranial approaches. Increased exposure of the upper clivus was achieved by the transnasal endoscopic transclival approach with intradural hypophysiopexy. Anterolateral microsurgical transcranial approaches provided a direct route to the anterior surface of the posterior clinoid process. The transnasal endoscopic approach with far-medial extension ensured a statistically larger exposure of jugular tubercles as compared with other approaches. Presigmoid approaches provided a relatively limited exposure of the ipsilateral clivus, which increased in proportion to their invasiveness. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first anatomical study that quantitatively compares in a holistic way exposure and working volumes offered by the most used modern approaches to the clivus.

Quantitative anatomical comparison of transnasal and transcranial approaches to the clivus

Agosti, Edoardo;Saraceno, Giorgio;Buffoli, Barbara;Ferrari, Marco;Raffetti, Elena;Belotti, Francesco;Ravanelli, Marco;Mattavelli, Davide;Schreiber, Alberto;Hirtler, Lena;Rodella, Luigi F.;Maroldi, Roberto;Nicolai, Piero;Kucharczyk, Walter;Fontanella, Marco M.;Doglietto, Francesco
2019-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The clivus was defined as "no man's land" in the early 1990s, but since then, multiple approaches have been described to access it. This study is aimed at quantitatively comparing endoscopic transnasal and microsurgical transcranial approaches to the clivus in a preclinical setting, using a recently developed research method. METHODS: Multiple approaches were performed in 5 head and neck specimens that underwent high-resolution computed tomography (CT): endoscopic transnasal (transclival, with hypophysiopexy and with far-medial extension), microsurgical anterolateral (supraorbital, mini-pterional, pterional, pterional transzygomatic, fronto-temporal-orbito-zygomatic), lateral (subtemporal and subtemporal transzygomatic), and posterolateral (retrosigmoid, far-lateral, retrolabyrinthine, translabyrinthine, and transcochlear). An optic neuronavigation system and dedicated software were used to quantify the working volume of each approach and calculate the exposure of different clival regions. Mixed linear models with random intersections were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Endoscopic transnasal approaches showed higher working volume and larger exposure compared with microsurgical transcranial approaches. Increased exposure of the upper clivus was achieved by the transnasal endoscopic transclival approach with intradural hypophysiopexy. Anterolateral microsurgical transcranial approaches provided a direct route to the anterior surface of the posterior clinoid process. The transnasal endoscopic approach with far-medial extension ensured a statistically larger exposure of jugular tubercles as compared with other approaches. Presigmoid approaches provided a relatively limited exposure of the ipsilateral clivus, which increased in proportion to their invasiveness. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first anatomical study that quantitatively compares in a holistic way exposure and working volumes offered by the most used modern approaches to the clivus.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/526504
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact