The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) constitute a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of connective tissue disorders. Tenascin X (TNX) deficiency is a rare type of EDS, defined as classical-like EDS (clEDS), since it phenotypically resembles the classical form of EDS, though lacking atrophic scarring. Although most patients display a well-defined phenotype, the diagnosis of TNX-deficiency is often delayed or overlooked. Here, we described an additional patient with clEDS due to a homozygous null-mutation in the TNXB gene. A review of the literature was performed, summarizing the most important and distinctive clinical signs of this disorder. Characterization of the cellular phenotype demonstrated a distinct organization of the extracellular matrix (ECM), whereby clEDS distinguishes itself from most other EDS subtypes by normal deposition of fibronectin in the ECM and a normal organization of the α5β1 integrin.

Clinical and Molecular Characterization of Classical-Like Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Due to a Novel TNXB Variant

Ritelli, Marco
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Zoppi, Nicoletta
Investigation
;
Cinquina, Valeria
Investigation
;
Colombi, Marina
Conceptualization
2019-01-01

Abstract

The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) constitute a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of connective tissue disorders. Tenascin X (TNX) deficiency is a rare type of EDS, defined as classical-like EDS (clEDS), since it phenotypically resembles the classical form of EDS, though lacking atrophic scarring. Although most patients display a well-defined phenotype, the diagnosis of TNX-deficiency is often delayed or overlooked. Here, we described an additional patient with clEDS due to a homozygous null-mutation in the TNXB gene. A review of the literature was performed, summarizing the most important and distinctive clinical signs of this disorder. Characterization of the cellular phenotype demonstrated a distinct organization of the extracellular matrix (ECM), whereby clEDS distinguishes itself from most other EDS subtypes by normal deposition of fibronectin in the ECM and a normal organization of the α5β1 integrin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/525825
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