The alternation of dry and wet contact causes a complex interaction of various damage mechanisms in railway wheels. To study the damage evolution in such condition, rolling-sliding contact tests in alternated dry-wet contact were carried out by a bi-disc machine on specimens extracted from railway wheels. The effect of different durations of the dry and wet sessions was investigated. Two kinds of tests were done: in one case coupling two cylindrical specimens, in the other one coupling a cylindrical specimen with a crowned one. The surface appearance during the tests was acquired by a vision system; the acquired images were elaborated to extract quantitative damage indexes. At the end of the tests, the specimens were cut and analysed, to evaluate the subsurface damage and the strain hardening. In cylindrical-cylindrical coupling, the damage increased in alternated dry-wet sessions as far as the cycle number increased, whereas it was stabilized in long dry sessions. The prevailing phenomenon, occurring during the wet sessions, was fatigue, promoted by the pressurization of the water entrapped in the cracks previously formed in dry contact. In crowned-cylindrical couplings, the damage tended to decrease as far as the cycles increased, in all the test conditions. This was correlated to the widening of the contact patch caused by wear, which led to an overall stress relaxation, this way mitigating the damage. The results highlighted the double role of wear, which alters the optimum wheel profile, but at the meantime relaxes the overall stress state and mitigates rolling contact fatigue.

Damage assessment in a wheel steel under alternated dry-lubricated contact by an innovative vision system

Bodini, Ileana
Methodology
;
Zani, Nicola
Investigation
;
Petrogalli, Candida
Investigation
;
Mazzù, Angelo
Conceptualization
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The alternation of dry and wet contact causes a complex interaction of various damage mechanisms in railway wheels. To study the damage evolution in such condition, rolling-sliding contact tests in alternated dry-wet contact were carried out by a bi-disc machine on specimens extracted from railway wheels. The effect of different durations of the dry and wet sessions was investigated. Two kinds of tests were done: in one case coupling two cylindrical specimens, in the other one coupling a cylindrical specimen with a crowned one. The surface appearance during the tests was acquired by a vision system; the acquired images were elaborated to extract quantitative damage indexes. At the end of the tests, the specimens were cut and analysed, to evaluate the subsurface damage and the strain hardening. In cylindrical-cylindrical coupling, the damage increased in alternated dry-wet sessions as far as the cycle number increased, whereas it was stabilized in long dry sessions. The prevailing phenomenon, occurring during the wet sessions, was fatigue, promoted by the pressurization of the water entrapped in the cracks previously formed in dry contact. In crowned-cylindrical couplings, the damage tended to decrease as far as the cycles increased, in all the test conditions. This was correlated to the widening of the contact patch caused by wear, which led to an overall stress relaxation, this way mitigating the damage. The results highlighted the double role of wear, which alters the optimum wheel profile, but at the meantime relaxes the overall stress state and mitigates rolling contact fatigue.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/581525
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