Introduction: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of a daily adaptive MR-guided SBRT on 1.5 T MR-linac in patients affected by lymph node oligometastases from PCa. Materials and Methods: The present study is a prospective observational study conducted in a single institution (protocol n degrees: MRI/LINAC n. 23748). Patients with oligometastatic lymph nodes from PCa treated with daily adaptive MR-guided SBRT on 1.5 T MR-linac were included in the study. There was a minimum required follow-up of 3 months after SBRT. The primary end-point was local progression-free survival (LPFS). The secondary end-points were: nodal progression-free survival (NPFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and toxicity. Results: A total of 118 lymph node oligometastases from PCa were treated with daily adaptive 1.5 T MR-guided SBRT in 63 oligometastatic patients. Of the patients, 63.5% were oligorecurrent and 36.5% were oligoprogressive. The two-year LPFS was 90.7%. The median NPFS was 22.3 months and the 2-year NPFS was 46.5%. Receiving hormone therapy before SBRT was correlated with a lower NPFS at the multivariate analysis (1 y NPFS 87.1% versus 42.8%; p = 0.002-HR 0.199, 95% CI 0.073-0.549). Furthermore, the oligorecurrent state during ADT was correlated with a lower NPFS than was the oligoprogressive state. The median PFS was 10.3 months and the 2-year PFS was 32.4%. Patients treated with hormone therapy before SBRT had a significantly lower 1-year PFS the others (28% versus 70.4%; p = 0.01-HR 0.259, 95% CI 0.117-0.574). No acute and late toxicities occurred during treatment. Conclusions: The present study is the largest prospective study of 1.5 T lymph node SBRT on MR-linac in patients with PCa. Lymph node SBRT by 1.5 T MR-linac provides high local control rates with an excellent toxicity profile.

1.5 T MR-Guided Daily Adapted SBRT on Lymph Node Oligometastases from Prostate Cancer

Pastorello, Edoardo;Alongi, Filippo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of a daily adaptive MR-guided SBRT on 1.5 T MR-linac in patients affected by lymph node oligometastases from PCa. Materials and Methods: The present study is a prospective observational study conducted in a single institution (protocol n degrees: MRI/LINAC n. 23748). Patients with oligometastatic lymph nodes from PCa treated with daily adaptive MR-guided SBRT on 1.5 T MR-linac were included in the study. There was a minimum required follow-up of 3 months after SBRT. The primary end-point was local progression-free survival (LPFS). The secondary end-points were: nodal progression-free survival (NPFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and toxicity. Results: A total of 118 lymph node oligometastases from PCa were treated with daily adaptive 1.5 T MR-guided SBRT in 63 oligometastatic patients. Of the patients, 63.5% were oligorecurrent and 36.5% were oligoprogressive. The two-year LPFS was 90.7%. The median NPFS was 22.3 months and the 2-year NPFS was 46.5%. Receiving hormone therapy before SBRT was correlated with a lower NPFS at the multivariate analysis (1 y NPFS 87.1% versus 42.8%; p = 0.002-HR 0.199, 95% CI 0.073-0.549). Furthermore, the oligorecurrent state during ADT was correlated with a lower NPFS than was the oligoprogressive state. The median PFS was 10.3 months and the 2-year PFS was 32.4%. Patients treated with hormone therapy before SBRT had a significantly lower 1-year PFS the others (28% versus 70.4%; p = 0.01-HR 0.259, 95% CI 0.117-0.574). No acute and late toxicities occurred during treatment. Conclusions: The present study is the largest prospective study of 1.5 T lymph node SBRT on MR-linac in patients with PCa. Lymph node SBRT by 1.5 T MR-linac provides high local control rates with an excellent toxicity profile.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/571182
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