This work aims to get new insights into the “process monitoring tool” proposed by the authors for the online monitoring of the shear heating phenomenon during injection molding of technical rubber parts. The online monitoring is based on direct measurement of the surface rubber temperature (shear heating temperature, TSH) by an infrared thermal camera of the rubber as it leaves the extruder barrel of the injection molding machine. The measured rubber temperature is a process indicator giving the thermal history of the rubber compound injection and process safety. Therefore, this fast process control is applied to industrial applications to investigate the processing behavior of ethylene acrylate (AEM) rubber compounds. In particular, the relationships between TSH vs injection pressure, vs injection speed, vs screw speed rotation and vs screw length over diameter ratio (L/D ratio) and vs AEM rubber compound properties variation due to exceeding the shelf life are investigated. The results show that TSH is manly influenced by the screw L/D ratio, followed by injection pressure and screw speed rotation (especially if are set to higher levels), whereas the injection speed is the least effective parameter to reduce TSH. Furthermore, a previously found robust correlation between the shear heating parameter (ηSH) and the minimum torque measured in rheometric laboratory tests (ML) is used to show the noteworthy deviation from the proportional trend when the AEM rubber compound exceeded it shelf life. Therefore, the coefficient of determination of log ηSH vs ML curves provides a good indication of process stability, while it is running.

Monitoring of shear heating effects during injection molding of rubber to improve the process control

Ramini M.
;
Agnelli S.
2022-01-01

Abstract

This work aims to get new insights into the “process monitoring tool” proposed by the authors for the online monitoring of the shear heating phenomenon during injection molding of technical rubber parts. The online monitoring is based on direct measurement of the surface rubber temperature (shear heating temperature, TSH) by an infrared thermal camera of the rubber as it leaves the extruder barrel of the injection molding machine. The measured rubber temperature is a process indicator giving the thermal history of the rubber compound injection and process safety. Therefore, this fast process control is applied to industrial applications to investigate the processing behavior of ethylene acrylate (AEM) rubber compounds. In particular, the relationships between TSH vs injection pressure, vs injection speed, vs screw speed rotation and vs screw length over diameter ratio (L/D ratio) and vs AEM rubber compound properties variation due to exceeding the shelf life are investigated. The results show that TSH is manly influenced by the screw L/D ratio, followed by injection pressure and screw speed rotation (especially if are set to higher levels), whereas the injection speed is the least effective parameter to reduce TSH. Furthermore, a previously found robust correlation between the shear heating parameter (ηSH) and the minimum torque measured in rheometric laboratory tests (ML) is used to show the noteworthy deviation from the proportional trend when the AEM rubber compound exceeded it shelf life. Therefore, the coefficient of determination of log ηSH vs ML curves provides a good indication of process stability, while it is running.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Mattia Polymer Bullettin 2022.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Full text
Tipologia: Full Text
Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 1.65 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.65 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/560857
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact