Background Limited evidence is available on 5-year clinical outcomes after percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair.Methods The Getting Reduction of mitrAl inSufficiency by Percutaneous clip implantation in Frilly (GRASP-IT) is a multicenter registry including 304 consecutive patients undergoing Mitraclip between October 2008 and October 2013 at 4 Italian centers. Primary end point (all-cause mortality) and secondary end point (all-cause mortality or heart failure [HF] hospitalization) were evaluated up to 5 years and between 1 and 5 years.Results Cumulative incidence of the primary and secondary end points at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years were 15.1%, 26.4%, 35.5%, 42.1%, and 47.3% and 29.1%, 41.7%, 49.8%, 56%, and 62.3%, respectively. Landmark analysis between 1 and 5 years showed an incidence of primary and secondary end point of 37.9% and 46.8%, respectively. Five-year event rates were significantly higher in patients with functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) compared to other etiologies. MR recurrence and left ventricular ejection fraction <30% were associated with an increased risk of both primary and secondary end points. EuroSCORE II >5% was associated with an increased risk of 5-year mortality. Ischemic etiology of MR, baseline serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dl, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and previous HF hospitalizations were independent predictors of 5-year secondary end point.Conclusions At 5-year follow-up after Mitraclip, nearly half of patients died and almost two thirds died or were admitted for HF. MR recurrence, ischemic etiology, high comorbidity burden (ie, EuroSCORE II >5%, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and advanced cardiomyopathy (ie, left ventricular ejection fraction <30%, prior HF admission, creatinine >1.5 mg/dl) significantly increase the relative risk of 5-year clinical events.

Five-year clinical outcomes after percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair: Insights from the multicenter GRASP-IT registry

Adamo, Marianna;Fiorina, Claudia;Branca, Luca;
2019

Abstract

Background Limited evidence is available on 5-year clinical outcomes after percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair.Methods The Getting Reduction of mitrAl inSufficiency by Percutaneous clip implantation in Frilly (GRASP-IT) is a multicenter registry including 304 consecutive patients undergoing Mitraclip between October 2008 and October 2013 at 4 Italian centers. Primary end point (all-cause mortality) and secondary end point (all-cause mortality or heart failure [HF] hospitalization) were evaluated up to 5 years and between 1 and 5 years.Results Cumulative incidence of the primary and secondary end points at 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years were 15.1%, 26.4%, 35.5%, 42.1%, and 47.3% and 29.1%, 41.7%, 49.8%, 56%, and 62.3%, respectively. Landmark analysis between 1 and 5 years showed an incidence of primary and secondary end point of 37.9% and 46.8%, respectively. Five-year event rates were significantly higher in patients with functional ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) compared to other etiologies. MR recurrence and left ventricular ejection fraction <30% were associated with an increased risk of both primary and secondary end points. EuroSCORE II >5% was associated with an increased risk of 5-year mortality. Ischemic etiology of MR, baseline serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dl, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and previous HF hospitalizations were independent predictors of 5-year secondary end point.Conclusions At 5-year follow-up after Mitraclip, nearly half of patients died and almost two thirds died or were admitted for HF. MR recurrence, ischemic etiology, high comorbidity burden (ie, EuroSCORE II >5%, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and advanced cardiomyopathy (ie, left ventricular ejection fraction <30%, prior HF admission, creatinine >1.5 mg/dl) significantly increase the relative risk of 5-year clinical events.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11379/557935
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