Curcuma longa L. is used as food supplement to prevent diseases, although limited studies have been performed on healthy subjects up to now. In the present work, an untargeted UPLC-MS metabolomics approach was applied to study the changes of 24-hours urinary composition on healthy volunteers due to a 28-days daily consumption of a dried C. longa extract containing a standardized amount of curcuminoids. Changes in the excretion of different metabolites were observed after supplementation. Curcumin and two metabolic derivatives (hexahydrocurcumin and dihydrocurcumin) were detected in urine, indicating the absorption of the main curcuminoid from the extract and its further metabolism by liver and gut microbiota. For the first time ar-turmerone, the main apolar constituent of curcuma, was detected in urine in intact form, and its presence was confirmed by a targeted GC–MS analysis. The increase of tetranor-PGJM and tetranor-PGDM, two prostaglandin-D2 metabolites, was observed, being related to the anti-inflammatory effect exerted by curcuma. The variation of the amounts of HPAG, PAG, proline-betaine and hydroxyphenyllactic acid indicate that the supplementation induced changes to the activity of gut microbiota. Finally, the reduced excretion of niacin metabolites (nicotinuric acid, trigonelline and 2PY) and medium- and short-chain acylcarnitines suggests that curcuma could induce the mitochondrial β-oxidation of fatty acids for energy production in healthy subjects. Overall, the results indicate that a prolonged daily consumption of a dried curcuma extract exerts multiple effects on healthy subjects, furthermore they show the opportunity offered by untargeted metabolomics for the study of the bioactivity of natural extracts in healthy human volunteers.

Untargeted UPLC-MS metabolomics reveals multiple changes of urine composition in healthy adult volunteers after consumption of curcuma longa L. extract

Peron G.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Curcuma longa L. is used as food supplement to prevent diseases, although limited studies have been performed on healthy subjects up to now. In the present work, an untargeted UPLC-MS metabolomics approach was applied to study the changes of 24-hours urinary composition on healthy volunteers due to a 28-days daily consumption of a dried C. longa extract containing a standardized amount of curcuminoids. Changes in the excretion of different metabolites were observed after supplementation. Curcumin and two metabolic derivatives (hexahydrocurcumin and dihydrocurcumin) were detected in urine, indicating the absorption of the main curcuminoid from the extract and its further metabolism by liver and gut microbiota. For the first time ar-turmerone, the main apolar constituent of curcuma, was detected in urine in intact form, and its presence was confirmed by a targeted GC–MS analysis. The increase of tetranor-PGJM and tetranor-PGDM, two prostaglandin-D2 metabolites, was observed, being related to the anti-inflammatory effect exerted by curcuma. The variation of the amounts of HPAG, PAG, proline-betaine and hydroxyphenyllactic acid indicate that the supplementation induced changes to the activity of gut microbiota. Finally, the reduced excretion of niacin metabolites (nicotinuric acid, trigonelline and 2PY) and medium- and short-chain acylcarnitines suggests that curcuma could induce the mitochondrial β-oxidation of fatty acids for energy production in healthy subjects. Overall, the results indicate that a prolonged daily consumption of a dried curcuma extract exerts multiple effects on healthy subjects, furthermore they show the opportunity offered by untargeted metabolomics for the study of the bioactivity of natural extracts in healthy human volunteers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/549636
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