In-plane wave propagation in a periodic rectangular frame structure, which includes axial and flexural deformation, the latter enhanced with rotational inertia (so-called ‘Rayleigh beams’), is analyzed both with a Floquet-Bloch exact formulation for free oscillations and with a numerical treatment (developed with PML absorbing boundary conditions) for forced vibrations (including Fourier representation and energy flux evaluations), induced by a concentrated force or moment. A complex interplay is observed between axial and flexural vibrations (not found in the common idealization of out-of-plane motion), giving rise to several forms of vibration localization: ‘X-’ ‘cross-’ and ‘star-’ shaped, and channel propagation. These localizations are triggered by several factors, including rotational inertia and slenderness of the beams and the type of forcing source (concentrated force or moment). Although the considered grid of beams introduces an orthotropy in the mechanical response, a surprising ‘isotropization’ of the vibration is observed at special frequencies. Moreover, rotational inertia is shown to ‘sharpen’ degeneracies related to Dirac cones (which become more pronounced when the aspect ratio of the grid is increased), while the slenderness can be tuned to achieve a perfectly flat band in the dispersion diagram. The obtained results can be exploited in the realization of metamaterials designed to filter waves during propagation.

Free and forced wave propagation in a Rayleigh-beam grid: Flat bands, Dirac cones, and vibration localization vs isotropization

Cabras L.;Bigoni D.;Piccolroaz A.
2019-01-01

Abstract

In-plane wave propagation in a periodic rectangular frame structure, which includes axial and flexural deformation, the latter enhanced with rotational inertia (so-called ‘Rayleigh beams’), is analyzed both with a Floquet-Bloch exact formulation for free oscillations and with a numerical treatment (developed with PML absorbing boundary conditions) for forced vibrations (including Fourier representation and energy flux evaluations), induced by a concentrated force or moment. A complex interplay is observed between axial and flexural vibrations (not found in the common idealization of out-of-plane motion), giving rise to several forms of vibration localization: ‘X-’ ‘cross-’ and ‘star-’ shaped, and channel propagation. These localizations are triggered by several factors, including rotational inertia and slenderness of the beams and the type of forcing source (concentrated force or moment). Although the considered grid of beams introduces an orthotropy in the mechanical response, a surprising ‘isotropization’ of the vibration is observed at special frequencies. Moreover, rotational inertia is shown to ‘sharpen’ degeneracies related to Dirac cones (which become more pronounced when the aspect ratio of the grid is increased), while the slenderness can be tuned to achieve a perfectly flat band in the dispersion diagram. The obtained results can be exploited in the realization of metamaterials designed to filter waves during propagation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/546905
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