The ultimate properties and resistance to fracture of nanocomposites based on poly(1,4-cis-isoprene) from Hevea Brasiliensis (natural rubber, NR) and a high surface area nanosized graphite (HSAG) were improved by using HSAG functionalized with 2-(2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-1-yl)propane-1,3-diol (serinol pyrrole) (HSAG-SP). The functionalization reaction occurred through a domino process, by simply mixing HSAG and serinol pyrrole and heating at 180 °C. The polarity of HSAG-SP allowed its dispersion in NR latex and the isolation of NR/HSAG-SP masterbatches via coagulation. Nanocomposites, based either on pristine HSAG or on HSAG-SP, were prepared through traditional melt blending and cured with a sulphur-based system. The samples containing HSAG-SP revealed ultimate dispersion of the graphitic filler with smaller aggregates and higher amounts of few layers stacks and isolated layers, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. With HSAG-SP, better stress and elongation at break and higher fracture resistance were obtained. Indeed, in the case of HSAG-SP-based composites, fracture occurred at larger deformation and with higher values of load and, at the highest filler content (24 phr), deviation of fracture propagation was observed. These results have been obtained with a moderate functionalization of the graphene layers (about 5%) and normal lab facilities. This work reveals a simple and scalable way to prepare tougher NR-based nanocomposites and indicates that the dispersion of a graphitic material in a rubber matrix can be improved without using an extra-amount of mechanical energy, just by modifying the chemical nature of the graphitic material through a sustainable process, avoiding the traditional complex approach, which implies oxidation to graphite oxide and subsequent partial reduction.

Graphene layers functionalized with a janus pyrrole-based compound in natural rubber nanocomposites with improved ultimate and fracture properties

Agnelli S.;Schrittesser B.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The ultimate properties and resistance to fracture of nanocomposites based on poly(1,4-cis-isoprene) from Hevea Brasiliensis (natural rubber, NR) and a high surface area nanosized graphite (HSAG) were improved by using HSAG functionalized with 2-(2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-1-yl)propane-1,3-diol (serinol pyrrole) (HSAG-SP). The functionalization reaction occurred through a domino process, by simply mixing HSAG and serinol pyrrole and heating at 180 °C. The polarity of HSAG-SP allowed its dispersion in NR latex and the isolation of NR/HSAG-SP masterbatches via coagulation. Nanocomposites, based either on pristine HSAG or on HSAG-SP, were prepared through traditional melt blending and cured with a sulphur-based system. The samples containing HSAG-SP revealed ultimate dispersion of the graphitic filler with smaller aggregates and higher amounts of few layers stacks and isolated layers, as revealed by transmission electron microscopy. With HSAG-SP, better stress and elongation at break and higher fracture resistance were obtained. Indeed, in the case of HSAG-SP-based composites, fracture occurred at larger deformation and with higher values of load and, at the highest filler content (24 phr), deviation of fracture propagation was observed. These results have been obtained with a moderate functionalization of the graphene layers (about 5%) and normal lab facilities. This work reveals a simple and scalable way to prepare tougher NR-based nanocomposites and indicates that the dispersion of a graphitic material in a rubber matrix can be improved without using an extra-amount of mechanical energy, just by modifying the chemical nature of the graphitic material through a sustainable process, avoiding the traditional complex approach, which implies oxidation to graphite oxide and subsequent partial reduction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/540180
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