Protein electrochemistry represents a powerful technique for investigating the function and structure of proteins. Currently available biochemical assays provide limited information related to the conformational state of proteins and high costs. This work provides novel insights into the electrochemical investigation of the metalloprotein p53 and its redox products using label-free direct electrochemistry and label-based antibody-specific approaches. First, the redox activities of different p53 redox products were qualitatively investigated on carbon-based electrodes. Then, focusing on the open p53 isoform (denatured p53), a quantitative analysis was performed, comparing the performances of different bulk and nanostructured materials (carbon and platinum). Overall, four different p53 products could be successfully discriminated, from wild type to denatured. Label-free analysis suggested a single electron exchange with electron transfer rate constants on the order of 1 s-1. Label-based analysis showed decreasing affinity of pAb240 towards denatured, oxidized and nitrated p53. Furthermore, platinum nanostructured electrodes showed the highest enhancement of the limit of detection in the quantitative analysis (100 ng/ml). Overall, the obtained results represent a first step towards the implementation of highly requested complex integrated devices for clinical practices, with the aim to go beyond simple protein quantification.

Electrochemical detection of different p53 conformations by using nanostructured surfaces

Tonello, Sarah;Abate, Giulia;Uberti, Daniela;Serpelloni, Mauro;Carrara, Sandro;Sardini, Emilio
2019

Abstract

Protein electrochemistry represents a powerful technique for investigating the function and structure of proteins. Currently available biochemical assays provide limited information related to the conformational state of proteins and high costs. This work provides novel insights into the electrochemical investigation of the metalloprotein p53 and its redox products using label-free direct electrochemistry and label-based antibody-specific approaches. First, the redox activities of different p53 redox products were qualitatively investigated on carbon-based electrodes. Then, focusing on the open p53 isoform (denatured p53), a quantitative analysis was performed, comparing the performances of different bulk and nanostructured materials (carbon and platinum). Overall, four different p53 products could be successfully discriminated, from wild type to denatured. Label-free analysis suggested a single electron exchange with electron transfer rate constants on the order of 1 s-1. Label-based analysis showed decreasing affinity of pAb240 towards denatured, oxidized and nitrated p53. Furthermore, platinum nanostructured electrodes showed the highest enhancement of the limit of detection in the quantitative analysis (100 ng/ml). Overall, the obtained results represent a first step towards the implementation of highly requested complex integrated devices for clinical practices, with the aim to go beyond simple protein quantification.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/526143
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