PURPOSE: To compare the functional and anatomical results of fovea-sparing internal limiting membrane peeling during vitrectomy with those of observation for degenerative lamellar macular hole with lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, comparative pilot study. METHODS: Thirty-six eyes were randomized to undergo surgery with foveal internal limiting membrane sparing (Group S) or observation only (Group C). The main outcome measures were foveal retinal sensitivity, visual acuity, and central retinal thickness. RESULTS: After 6 months, a significant difference was found in foveal retinal sensitivity between Group S (12.8 ± 1.7 dB) and Group C (9.39 ± 1.8 dB; P < 0.001). Similarly, best-corrected visual acuity improved in Group S and remained stable in Group C (respectively, 0.17 ± 0.13 and 0.46 ± 0.21 logMAR; P < 0.001). A significant increase in central retinal thickness was observed in Group S, but not in Group C (272 ± 24 vs. 147 ± 20 µm, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Fovea-sparing internal limiting membrane peeling is a feasible treatment for degenerative lamellar macular hole with lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation, yielding better improvements in best-corrected visual acuity and foveal retinal sensitivity than observation alone. Further studies are needed to optimize this new surgical approach.

PEELING OF THE INTERNAL LIMITING MEMBRANE WITH FOVEAL SPARING FOR TREATMENT OF DEGENERATIVE LAMELLAR MACULAR HOLE

Russo, Andrea
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Gambicorti, Elena
Formal Analysis
;
Cancarini, Anna
Data Curation
;
BAHJA, HASSAN
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Semeraro, Francesco
Project Administration
2020-01-01

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare the functional and anatomical results of fovea-sparing internal limiting membrane peeling during vitrectomy with those of observation for degenerative lamellar macular hole with lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, comparative pilot study. METHODS: Thirty-six eyes were randomized to undergo surgery with foveal internal limiting membrane sparing (Group S) or observation only (Group C). The main outcome measures were foveal retinal sensitivity, visual acuity, and central retinal thickness. RESULTS: After 6 months, a significant difference was found in foveal retinal sensitivity between Group S (12.8 ± 1.7 dB) and Group C (9.39 ± 1.8 dB; P < 0.001). Similarly, best-corrected visual acuity improved in Group S and remained stable in Group C (respectively, 0.17 ± 0.13 and 0.46 ± 0.21 logMAR; P < 0.001). A significant increase in central retinal thickness was observed in Group S, but not in Group C (272 ± 24 vs. 147 ± 20 µm, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Fovea-sparing internal limiting membrane peeling is a feasible treatment for degenerative lamellar macular hole with lamellar hole-associated epiretinal proliferation, yielding better improvements in best-corrected visual acuity and foveal retinal sensitivity than observation alone. Further studies are needed to optimize this new surgical approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/518878
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