A series of commercial and non-conventional heat treatments was performed to modify the initial as-cast microstructure of two high-chromium (14 wt% and 18 wt% Cr) white cast irons and a low chromium nickel-bearing grade (Ni-Hard 2) for slurry pumping applications. The effect of each heat treatment on the microstructure of the alloys was carefully investigated by optical and scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction analysis. Samples were tested for impact erosion resistance in flowing slurry by using a modified-Coriolis apparatus and their weight losses were related to microstructure and hardness. The analysis showed that the erosion resistance of these alloys is related to the carbides volume fraction and hardness, in combination with the matrix microstructure. In case of high-chromium white irons, the destabilization heat treatment (950°C-2h) produced a hard martensitic matrix with secondary carbides that gave superior erosion resistance compared to all other conditions. Excellent performances were obtained also for Ni-Hard 2 in as-cast condition, indicating that this alloy could be an economic alternative to high chromium irons in applications where good erosion resistance is required.

Effect of heat treatment on microstructure and erosion resistance of white cast irons for slurry pumping applications

Gelfi, Marcello;Pola, Annalisa
;
Girelli, Luca;Zacco, Annalisa;La Vecchia, Giovina Marina
2019-01-01

Abstract

A series of commercial and non-conventional heat treatments was performed to modify the initial as-cast microstructure of two high-chromium (14 wt% and 18 wt% Cr) white cast irons and a low chromium nickel-bearing grade (Ni-Hard 2) for slurry pumping applications. The effect of each heat treatment on the microstructure of the alloys was carefully investigated by optical and scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction analysis. Samples were tested for impact erosion resistance in flowing slurry by using a modified-Coriolis apparatus and their weight losses were related to microstructure and hardness. The analysis showed that the erosion resistance of these alloys is related to the carbides volume fraction and hardness, in combination with the matrix microstructure. In case of high-chromium white irons, the destabilization heat treatment (950°C-2h) produced a hard martensitic matrix with secondary carbides that gave superior erosion resistance compared to all other conditions. Excellent performances were obtained also for Ni-Hard 2 in as-cast condition, indicating that this alloy could be an economic alternative to high chromium irons in applications where good erosion resistance is required.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/517346
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