Fetal anemia has been known for many years as a dangerous complication of pregnancy. Its most common causes are maternal alloimmunization and parvovirus B19 infection, although it can be associated with many different pathological conditions including fetal aneuploidies, vascular tumors, and arteriovenous malformations of the fetus or placenta and inherited conditions such as alpha-thalassemia or genetic metabolic disorders. Doppler ultrasonographic assessment of the peak velocity of systolic blood flow in the middle cerebral artery for the diagnosis of fetal anemia and intravascular intrauterine transfusion for its treatment are the current practice standards. Live birth rates as high as 95% have been reported in recent years. The additional role of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy and the long-term consequences of the condition are the subjects of active ongoing research. © 2019

Fetal anemia: Diagnosis and management

Prefumo, Federico
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Fichera, Anna
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Sartori, Enrico
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2019

Abstract

Fetal anemia has been known for many years as a dangerous complication of pregnancy. Its most common causes are maternal alloimmunization and parvovirus B19 infection, although it can be associated with many different pathological conditions including fetal aneuploidies, vascular tumors, and arteriovenous malformations of the fetus or placenta and inherited conditions such as alpha-thalassemia or genetic metabolic disorders. Doppler ultrasonographic assessment of the peak velocity of systolic blood flow in the middle cerebral artery for the diagnosis of fetal anemia and intravascular intrauterine transfusion for its treatment are the current practice standards. Live birth rates as high as 95% have been reported in recent years. The additional role of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy and the long-term consequences of the condition are the subjects of active ongoing research. © 2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/514629
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