The detection of protein biomarkers is of great importance in the early diagnosis of severe pathological states. Although in the last decade many approaches to achieve ultra-sensitive protein detection have been developed, most of them require complicated assay set-ups, hindering their adoption in point-of-care applications and on-spot diagnosis. Here we show an organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) biosensor printed on plastic substrates that can selectively detect Immunoglobulin G (IgG) with an unprecedented attomolar detection limit. The OECT is used as a transducer of the biorecognition event taking place at the gate electrode. The measured concentrations are well below the detectable limits of the leading clinical diagnostic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and comparable to the ones gathered with the label-needing single molecule arrays platform. Our work benchmarks the role of plastic OECT-based biosensors as a powerful tool in simple, low cost, yet noninvasive, ultra-sensitive, and widely applicable immunoassay technology.

Ultra-sensitive protein detection with organic electrochemical transistors printed on plastic substrates

ROMELE, PAOLO;Ghittorelli, Matteo;Magliulo, Maria;Kovács-Vajna, Zsolt M;Torricelli, Fabrizio;Torsi, Luisa
2018-01-01

Abstract

The detection of protein biomarkers is of great importance in the early diagnosis of severe pathological states. Although in the last decade many approaches to achieve ultra-sensitive protein detection have been developed, most of them require complicated assay set-ups, hindering their adoption in point-of-care applications and on-spot diagnosis. Here we show an organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) biosensor printed on plastic substrates that can selectively detect Immunoglobulin G (IgG) with an unprecedented attomolar detection limit. The OECT is used as a transducer of the biorecognition event taking place at the gate electrode. The measured concentrations are well below the detectable limits of the leading clinical diagnostic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and comparable to the ones gathered with the label-needing single molecule arrays platform. Our work benchmarks the role of plastic OECT-based biosensors as a powerful tool in simple, low cost, yet noninvasive, ultra-sensitive, and widely applicable immunoassay technology.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/511008
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