Terminal tissue differentiation and function of slan+ monocytes in cancer is largely unexplored. Our recent studies demonstrated that slan+ monocytes differentiate into a distinct subset of dendritic cells (DC) in human tonsils and that slan+ cells colonize metastatic carcinoma-draining lymph nodes. Herein, we report by retrospective analysis of multi-institutional cohorts that slan+ cells infiltrate various types of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL), particularly the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) group, including the most aggressive, nodal and extranodal, forms. Nodal slan+ cells displayed features of either immature DC or macrophages, in the latter case ingesting tumor cells and apoptotic bodies. We also found in patients with DLBCL that peripheral blood slan+ monocytes, but not CD14+ monocytes, increased in number and displayed highly efficient rituximab- mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, almost equivalent to that exerted by NK cells. Notably, slan+ monocytes cultured in conditioned medium from nodal DLBCL (DCM) acquired a macrophage-like phenotype, retained CD16 expression, and became very efficient in rituximab- mediated antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP). Macrophages derived from DCM-treated CD14+ monocytes performed very efficient rituximab-mediated ADCP, however, using different FcgRs from those used by slan+ macrophages. Our observations shed new light on the complexity of the immune microenvironment of DLBCL and demonstrate plasticity of slan+ monocytes homing to cancer tissues. Altogether, data identify slan+ monocytes and macrophages as prominent effectors of antibody-mediated tumor cell targeting in patients with DLBCL. Significance: Slan+ monocytes differentiate into macrophages that function as prominent effectors of antibody-mediated tumor cell targeting in lymphoma.

Slan+ monocytes and macrophages mediate CD20-dependent b-cell lymphoma elimination via ADCC and ADCP

Vermi W.;Micheletti A.;Calza S.;Balzarini P.;Facchetti F.;Lorenzi L.;Lonardi S.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Terminal tissue differentiation and function of slan+ monocytes in cancer is largely unexplored. Our recent studies demonstrated that slan+ monocytes differentiate into a distinct subset of dendritic cells (DC) in human tonsils and that slan+ cells colonize metastatic carcinoma-draining lymph nodes. Herein, we report by retrospective analysis of multi-institutional cohorts that slan+ cells infiltrate various types of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL), particularly the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) group, including the most aggressive, nodal and extranodal, forms. Nodal slan+ cells displayed features of either immature DC or macrophages, in the latter case ingesting tumor cells and apoptotic bodies. We also found in patients with DLBCL that peripheral blood slan+ monocytes, but not CD14+ monocytes, increased in number and displayed highly efficient rituximab- mediated antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, almost equivalent to that exerted by NK cells. Notably, slan+ monocytes cultured in conditioned medium from nodal DLBCL (DCM) acquired a macrophage-like phenotype, retained CD16 expression, and became very efficient in rituximab- mediated antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP). Macrophages derived from DCM-treated CD14+ monocytes performed very efficient rituximab-mediated ADCP, however, using different FcgRs from those used by slan+ macrophages. Our observations shed new light on the complexity of the immune microenvironment of DLBCL and demonstrate plasticity of slan+ monocytes homing to cancer tissues. Altogether, data identify slan+ monocytes and macrophages as prominent effectors of antibody-mediated tumor cell targeting in patients with DLBCL. Significance: Slan+ monocytes differentiate into macrophages that function as prominent effectors of antibody-mediated tumor cell targeting in lymphoma.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/507560
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