The pathogenic mechanisms by which varicocele disrupt spermatogenesis are not clearly understood and it is possible that when varicocele is associated with a severe bilateral testiculopathy, other causes may represent the actual aetiological factor. Since microdeletions in the Y chromosome long arm (Yq) have become in last years a major cause of male infertility, we perform a Yq microdeletion screening in infertile men with varicocele. We selected 40 patients with severe oligozoospermia (sperm count<5x10(6)/ml, group 1) and 80 with varicocele and mild oligozoospermia (sperm count 10-20x10(6)/ml, group 2). Deletions of Yq was observed in seven out of 40 patients (17.5%) of group 1, while no deletions were found in patients of group 2, suggesting that the bilateral testicular damage observed in patients of group 1 is due to the underlying genetic anomaly, and not to varicocele itself. The finding of a genetic aetiology in infertile men with varicocele suggests that in such patients a Yq microdeletion screening should be performed, both for a proper diagnosis and to avoid unnecessary treatments that will probably not improve the sperm count.

Y chromosome microdeletions in infertile men with varicocele

FERLIN, ALBERTO
2000

Abstract

The pathogenic mechanisms by which varicocele disrupt spermatogenesis are not clearly understood and it is possible that when varicocele is associated with a severe bilateral testiculopathy, other causes may represent the actual aetiological factor. Since microdeletions in the Y chromosome long arm (Yq) have become in last years a major cause of male infertility, we perform a Yq microdeletion screening in infertile men with varicocele. We selected 40 patients with severe oligozoospermia (sperm count<5x10(6)/ml, group 1) and 80 with varicocele and mild oligozoospermia (sperm count 10-20x10(6)/ml, group 2). Deletions of Yq was observed in seven out of 40 patients (17.5%) of group 1, while no deletions were found in patients of group 2, suggesting that the bilateral testicular damage observed in patients of group 1 is due to the underlying genetic anomaly, and not to varicocele itself. The finding of a genetic aetiology in infertile men with varicocele suggests that in such patients a Yq microdeletion screening should be performed, both for a proper diagnosis and to avoid unnecessary treatments that will probably not improve the sperm count.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11379/499868
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 37
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 26
social impact