The interaction between wear and rolling contact fatigue in wet contact was investigated by means of experiments on a two-disc test bench. Specimens of various railway wheel steels were coupled with specimens of the same rail steel, subjected to rolling and sliding wet contact with varying sliding/rolling ratio. Some tests with a dry rolling-sliding contact phase preceding wet contact were carried out as well (dry-wet tests). The pressurization of the fluid entrapped in the surface cracks was the cause of a rapid and severe damage in the dry-wet tests, due to the nucleation of surface cracks by ratcheting in the dry phase, which subsequently propagate in the wet phase. In the wet tests, the fluid pressurisation effect was much mitigated due to the absence of initial surface cracks; the specimens subjected to higher sliding/rolling ratio showed the best performance against rolling contact fatigue, due to the effect of wear in reducing the length of surface cracks. A model for assessing the interaction between wear and rolling contact fatigue was proposed, based on the correction of the classical Paris law for crack propagation by taking into account the effect of wear on crack length reduction. The application of the model to the experimental tests allowed finding a correlation between the model predictions and the occurrence of fatigue failure.

Effect of wear on surface crack propagation in rail-wheel wet contact

A. Mazzù
;
C. Petrogalli;M. Lancini;M. Faccoli
2018-01-01

Abstract

The interaction between wear and rolling contact fatigue in wet contact was investigated by means of experiments on a two-disc test bench. Specimens of various railway wheel steels were coupled with specimens of the same rail steel, subjected to rolling and sliding wet contact with varying sliding/rolling ratio. Some tests with a dry rolling-sliding contact phase preceding wet contact were carried out as well (dry-wet tests). The pressurization of the fluid entrapped in the surface cracks was the cause of a rapid and severe damage in the dry-wet tests, due to the nucleation of surface cracks by ratcheting in the dry phase, which subsequently propagate in the wet phase. In the wet tests, the fluid pressurisation effect was much mitigated due to the absence of initial surface cracks; the specimens subjected to higher sliding/rolling ratio showed the best performance against rolling contact fatigue, due to the effect of wear in reducing the length of surface cracks. A model for assessing the interaction between wear and rolling contact fatigue was proposed, based on the correction of the classical Paris law for crack propagation by taking into account the effect of wear on crack length reduction. The application of the model to the experimental tests allowed finding a correlation between the model predictions and the occurrence of fatigue failure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/499155
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