Exogenous HIV-1 matrix protein p17 was found to deregulate biologic activities of many different immune cells that are directly or indirectly involved in AIDS pathogenesis after binding to unknown cellular receptor(s). In particular, p17 was found to induce a functional program in monocytes related to activation and inflammation. In the present study, we demonstrate that CXCR1 is the receptor molecule responsible for p17 chemokine-like activity on monocytes. After CXCR1 binding, p17 was capable of triggering rapid adhesion and chemotaxis of monocytes through a pathway that involved Rho/ROCK. Moreover, CXCR1-silenced primary monocytes lost responsiveness to p17 chemoattraction, whereas CXCR1-transfected Jurkat cells acquired responsiveness. Surface plasmon resonance studies confirmed the capacity of p17 to bind CXCR1 and showed that the p17/CXCR1 interaction occurred with a low affinity compared with that measured for IL-8, the physiologic CXCR1 ligand. In all of its activities, p17 mimicked IL-8, the natural high-affinity ligand of CXCR1. Recent studies have highlighted the role of IL-8 and CXCR1 in HIV-1 replication and AIDS pathogenesis. Our findings herein call for an exploration of the therapeutic potential of blocking the p17/IL-8/CXCR1 axis in HIV-1 infection.

HIV-1 matrix protein p17 binds to the IL-8 receptor CXCR1 and shows IL-8-like chemokine activity on monocytes through Rho/ROCK activation

GIAGULLI, Cinzia;BUGATTI, Antonella;CACCURI, Francesca;RUSNATI, Marco;VERMI, William;FIORENTINI, Simona;CARUSO, Arnaldo
2012-01-01

Abstract

Exogenous HIV-1 matrix protein p17 was found to deregulate biologic activities of many different immune cells that are directly or indirectly involved in AIDS pathogenesis after binding to unknown cellular receptor(s). In particular, p17 was found to induce a functional program in monocytes related to activation and inflammation. In the present study, we demonstrate that CXCR1 is the receptor molecule responsible for p17 chemokine-like activity on monocytes. After CXCR1 binding, p17 was capable of triggering rapid adhesion and chemotaxis of monocytes through a pathway that involved Rho/ROCK. Moreover, CXCR1-silenced primary monocytes lost responsiveness to p17 chemoattraction, whereas CXCR1-transfected Jurkat cells acquired responsiveness. Surface plasmon resonance studies confirmed the capacity of p17 to bind CXCR1 and showed that the p17/CXCR1 interaction occurred with a low affinity compared with that measured for IL-8, the physiologic CXCR1 ligand. In all of its activities, p17 mimicked IL-8, the natural high-affinity ligand of CXCR1. Recent studies have highlighted the role of IL-8 and CXCR1 in HIV-1 replication and AIDS pathogenesis. Our findings herein call for an exploration of the therapeutic potential of blocking the p17/IL-8/CXCR1 axis in HIV-1 infection.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
giagulli et al Blood 2012.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Full Text
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 433.12 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
433.12 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/121517
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 22
  • Scopus 42
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 42
social impact