Additive Manufacturing (AM) is already becoming part of our life from a technological, economic and social point of view. Nowadays, it is applied in several manufacturing sectors. In particular, AM shows huge opportunities in the medical field and for healthcare applications. Due to its capability to produce complex geometries directly working on medical 3D images and thanks to the possibility to 3D-print biocompatible materials, AM is a key technology for the fabrication both of external and internal medical devices. In particular, the use of AM for medical applications is typically articulated in three steps: 3D-scanning of the patient anatomy, segmentation the medical scan and elaboration through CAD software for the preparation of a STL file suitable for the AM process. One of the main research topic in this field is the definition and optimization of procedures that, taking precise data from an individual patient, could be applied to the design and fabrication of customized components for medical applications. Therefore, this paper presents a project aimed at the fabrication of customized tracheal stents starting from the actual patient anatomy. In particular, it follows an approach based on molds FDM fabrication followed by biocompatible silicone casting. Molds were designed to obtain a tracheal stent based the patient anatomical tracheal lumen and were fabricated using FDM technology. Moreover, since the surface roughness is one of the most critical aspects related to the FDM, the produced molds were finished with a chemical surface post-treatment based on the use of acetone vapours. Overall, the whole developed procedure results in an effective custom-made medical devices realization.

Design and fabrication of customized tracheal stents by additive manufacturing

Colpani A.;Fiorentino A.;Ceretti E.
2020

Abstract

Additive Manufacturing (AM) is already becoming part of our life from a technological, economic and social point of view. Nowadays, it is applied in several manufacturing sectors. In particular, AM shows huge opportunities in the medical field and for healthcare applications. Due to its capability to produce complex geometries directly working on medical 3D images and thanks to the possibility to 3D-print biocompatible materials, AM is a key technology for the fabrication both of external and internal medical devices. In particular, the use of AM for medical applications is typically articulated in three steps: 3D-scanning of the patient anatomy, segmentation the medical scan and elaboration through CAD software for the preparation of a STL file suitable for the AM process. One of the main research topic in this field is the definition and optimization of procedures that, taking precise data from an individual patient, could be applied to the design and fabrication of customized components for medical applications. Therefore, this paper presents a project aimed at the fabrication of customized tracheal stents starting from the actual patient anatomy. In particular, it follows an approach based on molds FDM fabrication followed by biocompatible silicone casting. Molds were designed to obtain a tracheal stent based the patient anatomical tracheal lumen and were fabricated using FDM technology. Moreover, since the surface roughness is one of the most critical aspects related to the FDM, the produced molds were finished with a chemical surface post-treatment based on the use of acetone vapours. Overall, the whole developed procedure results in an effective custom-made medical devices realization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/533293
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