Angiogenesis is the process of generating new capillary blood vessels. Uncontrolled endothelial cell proliferation is observed in tumour neovascularization. Several growth factors and cytokines have been shown to stimulate endothelial cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo and among them FGF2 was one of the first to be characterised. FGF2 is a Mr 18,000 heparin-binding cationic polypeptide that induces proliferation, migration, and protease production in endothelial cells in culture and neovascularization in vivo. FGF2 interacts with endothelial cells through two distinct classes of receptors, the high affinity tyrosine-kinase receptors (FGFRs) and low affinity heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) present on the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix. Besides experimental evidence for paracrine mode of action for FGF2, some observations raise the hypothesis that FGF2 may also play an autocrine role in endothelial cells. FGF2 may therefore represent a target for anti-angiogenic therapies. In order to assess the angiostatic potential of different classes of compounds, novel experimental models have been developed based on the autocrine and/or the paracrine capacity of FGF2.

Examining new models for the study of autocrine and paracrine mechanisms of angiogenesis through FGF2-transfected endothelial and tumour cells.

PRESTA, Marco;RUSNATI, Marco;DELL'ERA, Patrizia;TANGHETTI, Elena;URBINATI, Chiara Eva;GIULIANI, Roberta;LEALI, Daria
2000

Abstract

Angiogenesis is the process of generating new capillary blood vessels. Uncontrolled endothelial cell proliferation is observed in tumour neovascularization. Several growth factors and cytokines have been shown to stimulate endothelial cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo and among them FGF2 was one of the first to be characterised. FGF2 is a Mr 18,000 heparin-binding cationic polypeptide that induces proliferation, migration, and protease production in endothelial cells in culture and neovascularization in vivo. FGF2 interacts with endothelial cells through two distinct classes of receptors, the high affinity tyrosine-kinase receptors (FGFRs) and low affinity heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) present on the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix. Besides experimental evidence for paracrine mode of action for FGF2, some observations raise the hypothesis that FGF2 may also play an autocrine role in endothelial cells. FGF2 may therefore represent a target for anti-angiogenic therapies. In order to assess the angiostatic potential of different classes of compounds, novel experimental models have been developed based on the autocrine and/or the paracrine capacity of FGF2.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11379/31696
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
social impact